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Most people think that electric truck makers need to tell Adult wants hot sex Fremont California the Adult dating MN Oak park 56357 — the battery kWh, price, performance, and so on — before we can possibly know anything about their truck. We know what lithium-ion batteries are capable of. And we know the kWh, size, and weight of the battery needed to move a truck of given weight a certain number of miles.
That makes it possible for scientists to work backwards and figure out how many kWh the battery would need to be to go to miles, what it would weigh, and the likely price Adult wants hot sex Fremont California the battery needed for a truck at the maximum road limit of 80, pounds.
Viswanathan at Carnegie Mellon have done just that. They published a paper in the peer-reviewed American Chemical Society Letters at the following link: Performance metrics required of next-generation batteries to make a practical electric semi truck.
Below is my review of their paper along with some additional cited observations of my own. Viswanathan felt compelled to write their paper because there are so many guesstimates of the likely cost and performance of an electric class 8 semi-truck in the media.
The average class 8 truck, empty, weighs around 31, to 37, pounds.Ladies Wants Hot Sex PA Boalsburg 16827
The tractor the cab in front weighs around 17, to 20, pounds. They forgot to add on the weight of the empty container Top nude women personals in dallas chassis where the Adult wants hot sex Fremont California is. That Californla another 16, pounds 8, pound empty 40 foot container, 8, to 10, pound swx, i. So my weight estimate of 29, pounds is closer to what a class 8 electric truck will weigh.
This is why my estimates of payload are always about 10, pounds less than the authors. Authors miles payload of 24, pounds, my payload 15, pounds.
I think the maximum should be used because wqnts the future, both electricity and diesel are likely to be more expensive, or even rationed. To maximize efficiency businesses will have to stop just-in-time delivery with half full trucks, and turn to full loads and inventories to stay in business.
Nor can electric trucks be Adult wants hot sex Fremont California lighter with aluminum Adult wants hot sex Fremont California carbon fiber. Light-weighting is out of the question. The maximum weight of a truck allowed on the road is 80, pounds, so if the body weight of a diesel truck is Adult wants hot sex Fremont California minimum 33, pounds, then the maximum amount of cargo that can be carried by a diesel truck is 47, pounds.
Since an electric truck weighs 4, pounds less, that ought to shoot up to 51, payloads. For example, Calkfornia authors found that the weight of the battery Horny in Springdale in needed for a truck to go miles is 54, pounds. There goes the payload: Musk claims the range of the Tesla semi truck can be as much as miles. The bottom line according to the authors, is that a to mile range truck will use most or all of their battery power to move the battery itself, not the cargo.
I suspect the answer is no, because the Port of Los Angeles explored the concept of using an all-electric battery drayage short-haul truck to transfer freight between the port and warehouses, but Califirnia these trucks because the kWh battery weighed 7, pounds and reduced cargo payload too much.
Nor was the 12 hours or more to recharge the battery acceptable.
Ultra-fast 30 min recharging Love in preesall considered too risky since this might reduce battery lifespan, and bearing the cost of replacing these expensive batteries was out of the question Calstart Even Fremoht Adult wants hot sex Fremont California way has been found to charge a truck in half an hour without reducing battery life, the amount of power needed to do that is huge, so new transmission, voltage lines, upgrading many substations with more powerful transformers, and new natural gas generating power plants will need to be constructed.
Who will pay for that?
The authors calculated that a mile Adult wants hot sex Fremont California class 8 truck would require a battery pack 31 times the size and weight of a kWh Tesla Model S car not only because of weight, but all the other factors mentioned above aerodynamics, rolling resistance, etc. For example, new diesel trucks today get 7 miles per gallon.
Super Truck program has built trucks that get an amazing 12 mpg.
But those trucks are not being made commercially. With less money to spend on infrastructure, charging stations might not even be on the list.Tomah Women Fuck
The big companies that have bought hybrid electric class 4 to 6 trucks so far only did so because local, state, and federal subsidies made up the difference between the cost of a diesel and hybrid electric truck. The same will likely be true of any company that makes class 8 long-haul trucks.
I constructed Table 1 Housewives wants real sex Los Alamitos summarize the averages of figure 2 in this paper, which has the estimated ranges of required battery pack sizes, weights, cost, and payload capacities of Adult wants hot sex Fremont California, Califorjia mile truck.
All electric truck data from figure 2 of Sripad A diesel truck Max payload is The max payload cargo weight is derived from the max truck road weight of 40 tons, minus battery weight, minus weight of the truck Fremnt will never be enough electric car buyers because of the distribution of wealth. And if states or the Trump administration end subsidies that will further dent sales.
Nor will there ever be completely automated cars or trucks, because unlike airplanes, where pilots have 8 minutes of grace before the crash to go back to manual controls, there is only a second for a car Adult wants hot sex Fremont California truck driver Californai notice that an accident is about to occur and override the system.
The better the system is automated, the less likely the driver is to even be paying attention. Nor can it happen with a driver — there is simply too Adulr time to notice Forked River sexy grannies react. Just imagine if an automatic truck were hacked or malfunctioned, it would be like an attack missile with that much weight and momentum behind it.
The only thing going for the Tesla Semi Fermont that electricity is cheap, for now.Real Sex In Aurora Colorado
As gas decline exponentially continues, all the solar and wind power in the world does no good because the electric grid requires natural gas to balance their intermittent power. There is no other kind of energy storage in sight.
Utility-scale batteries are far from commercial. One of the best, which has additional issues than those I wrote about above is here Randall, T; Lippert J. California Air Resources Board.
I project zero-emission truck commercialization study. Overcoming barriers to deployment of plug-in electric vehicles. ACS Energy Letters 2: The fact that Mr Musk is promoting the idea of humans srx to Mars a planet without a breathable atmosphere, soil, liquid water, etc suggests the rest of his businesses may not be correlated with reality.
It would make more sense to relocalize food production to reduce dependence on Caliifornia trucking, but that would require us all to live differently. Tesla semis and the laws of physics Damn the Matrix. Like I suspect many Americans, I have plenty of savings, but I keep it in my checking account or brokerage account, since savings accounts are today yielding a useless 0.
No, I think that estimate is spot on.
Here are some stats on wealth distribution in the United States by net worth. Hauliers will be looking at lifetime costs, in itself a tricky computation since future diesel prices are unknown if nothing else, Virginia Beach hookers bbw is constantly changing as is battery sfx with time. However, what you demonstrate here regarding Adult wants hot sex Fremont California and practical haul weight is quite valuable to understand how these vehicles impose an rather different model.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United waldhardt.com million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is waldhardt.com Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with million and million residents respectively. Table 1. All electric truck data from figure 2 of Sripad (). A diesel truck Max payload is tons. The max payload (cargo weight) is derived from the max truck road weight of 40 tons, minus battery weight, minus weight of the truck ( tons). waldhardt.com is the place to go to get the answers you need and to ask the questions you want.
I am also curious to know what a electrical lorry market means for the extraction of lithium, cobalt and other resources. No matter what, the laws of physics means Tesla is exaggerating. Techno-optimists are saying Musk must have Adult wants hot sex Fremont California better battery, but that is nonsense. I am quite sure Musk would be trumpeting such a development to the skies if he did, to get investment money and his stock prices up.
If he uses rails Wanted tall Bellevue Washington friend carriers would know wantz tonnage and Adult wants hot sex Fremont California able to calculate his actual production. Here in Germany is pretty clear that never an E-Truck will be an alternative for liquid fueled trucks.
An e-fuel is created from carbon dioxide, water, and electricity with a process powered by renewable energy sources to create Frempnt liquid energy carrier called blue crude in contrast to regular crude oil which is then refined to generate e-diesel.
This technology only exists at a pilot level the earliest stage.Horny Women In Cantril, IA
It is far from commercial. Not that it matters, Calitornia energy crisis begins any year now, there is no time left to make e-fuels commercial. Since there is no economic sense to the electric car, the idea itself of an electric truck is mind blowing.
I mean, Elon is probably using this BS to divert attention from the Model 3 mess. Home About Preservation of Knowledge. Given the laws of physics, can the Tesla Semi really go miles, and what will the price be? Posted on November 21, by energyskeptic. Please follow and like us: November 21, at 9: November 21, at 5: November 22, at 5: November 24, at 9: November 24, at 2: November 24, at November 27, at 1: November 28, at 2: November 27, at Swingers org Carradale November 30, at 7: Sdx 16, at Frejont December 20, at 2: Perhaps following study is interesting for you.
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